The Negros Bleeding-heart

Gallicolumba keayi

Photo of a Negros Bleeding-heart by Jon Hornbuckle via Arkive.org.

The Negros Bleeding-heart is one of five bleeding-heart doves in the world and all five can only be found in the Philippines1. Like all the other bleeding-heart doves, the Negros Bleeding-heart is named after a splash of red located on its breast. What differs the Negros bleeding-heart from its cousins is that its red splash is much narrower than that of the other bleeding-hearts2. It also has a wide stripe of white across its wing3 and can only be found on the Philippine islands of Panay and Negros.

The Negros Bleeding-heart dove can only be found on the Philippine islands of Panay and Negros.

The scientific name of the Negros Bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba keayi, is a clue to how this bird behaves. "Galli" means chicken and "columba" means pigeon so the Negros Bleeding-heart is a pigeon that spends most of its time on the ground, just like a chicken, only flying up into trees to roost, take cover, or breed4.

Watch a Negros Bleeding-heart in a video from Archive.org!

The Negros Bleeding-heart is a critically endangered species5

The Negros Bleeding-heart can only be found on the Philippine islands of Panay and Negros. On Negros it had become extremely rare by the 1930's and by 1980, it was recorded at just one location despite weeks of surveys. By 1988, only 4% of forest remained on Negros and 8% remained on Panay. Clearance for agriculture, timber and charcoal-burning coupled with local trapping for food and for the cage-bird trade has greatly dwindled its population to an estimate of under 400 total on both islands where it can only be found5.

The Negros Bleeding-heart was chosen for the logo of the 7th Philippine Bird Festival that took place in 2011, organized by the Wild Bird Club of the Philippines.

How you can help

The following organizations contribute not only to the conservation of this particular species, but to the diverse range of birds found in the Philippines.

The Wild Bird Club of the Philippines

Established in 2003, The Wild Bird Club of the Philippines is the pioneer bird watching club in the nation dedicated to promoting bird watching as a hobby and as a responsible way of enjoying the Philippines' most coveted natural habitats. The volunteer-led club contributes to the conservation of Philippine endangered birds by promoting bird watching as a healthy and recreational practice, encouraging responsible behavior from local communities and tourists alike, as well as environmentally-responsible policies from local governments and officials.

The Haribon Foundation

Started in 1972, Haribon, named after the Philippine Eagle's name in Filipino for "Bird King", gave birth to the Philippine environmental movement. Eventually coupling itself with international conservation organizations such as BirdLife International and the World Wildlife Fund, Haribon has contributed greatly not only to help establish conservation reserves and parks for Philippine birds and other species domestically, but to publications that put the Philippines on the map internationally in regards to its unique but endangered bird populations.

The Philippine Eagle Foundation

Since 1987 the Philippine Eagle Foundation has been focused on saving the Philippine Eagle and consequently saving hundreds of other species that live within its forest realms in the southern Philippine island of Mindanao. With the help of donors and grants, the foundation conducts research, rehabilitation, and captive breeding programs.

Help endangered birds worldwide

BirdLife International is the world's largest partnership of conservation organizations. 117 organizations make up this partnership in over 100 countries across the globe, including the Philippine's own Haribon Foundation. Together, they create bird mascots and flagships to help push for the conservation of endangered birds, consequently conserving the forests they reside and the other wildlife in these areas. By doing so they conserve biodiversity in these areas to improve the quality of people's lives and integrating bird conservation into sustaining people's livelihoods. A symbiotic relationship is then created between people and the environment, as opposed to the "one uses the other" practice that is currently established the world over.

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*This site is not affiliated with the "Angry Birds" game, Rovio, or Jaakko Iisalo, and is for educational purposes only. Learn more about the illustrator here. If you find any errors please let me know!

SOURCES

1. A description of Bleeding-heart doves from Bristol Zoo Gardens in England.

2. Birdlife species factsheet on the Negros Bleeding-heart Dove.

3. Robert S. Kennedy's "A Guide to the Birds of the Philippines" is regarded as the leading guidebook on Philippine birds.

4. Arkive.org description on the Negros Bleeding-heart Dove (Gallicolumba keayi).

5. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Negros Bleeding-heart (Gallicolumba keayi)